The term prenatal means ‘before birth’ and the importance of prenatal care during pregnancy is extremely important for the growth, development, and overall health of the unborn child, as well as the health of the mother to be. Prenatal care ensures that the baby will be healthy when it is born. For that to happen, there have to be several factors taken into consideration. In the following sections, we will look at the factors that are involved in prenatal care before pregnancy and those during it.
When a couple makes a conscious decision to get pregnant, there needs to be certain factors that have to be fulfilled to ensure a healthy pregnancy. These include introducing certain healthy changes in one’s lifestyle, like having a well-balanced diet, exercising, and quitting bad and toxic habits like smoking, drinking or doing substance abuse. Along with that, certain pregnancy tests have to also be administered to determine that everything is functioning normally and that there are no defects in the body. If there are defects in the body then it means that both the child and the mother might be in danger and that it might not be possible to take the pregnancy to its full term.
The first thing that needs to be done when a pregnancy is confirmed is to visit a doctor. A doctor will carry out an examination and check for the pressure and the weight of the pregnant woman. After the first visit, there have to be regular visits to the doctor that have to be followed. These visits are important for the doctor to review the progress of the pregnancy and make sure that the baby is healthy. In that manner, if there are any limitations or defects found, they can be corrected. The doctor will map out a chart that will give her the details of when to visit the doctor. They will also give important shots in the due course of the pregnancy to prevent the onset of certain diseases and disorders.
The baby is completely dependent on the mother for nutrition and it is this prenatal nutrition that will determine the health of the baby. Therefore, the diet that a pregnant woman follows has to be balanced and healthy. A profusion of vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds, and other healthy choices need to be made in abundance. At the same time, avoiding anything that is not natural and is synthetic is as important. Things like very spicy and oily foods will cause indigestion and heat, while processed food will lead to excess weight gain and therefore cause further complications. Eating a wholesome diet and drinking plenty of water is very, very important.
Along with the diet it is equally important to follow the correct lifestyle. This means taking care of the body by doing certain exercises so that the body remains fit and healthy. These exercises would also include meditation techniques so that the stress is done away with. Pressure and stress are two of the main factors that can lead to complications in the pregnancy and that is why steps need to be taken to cope with the same. In that manner, whatever is required to lead to a relaxed mind, needs to be done―listening to music, reading books, or cooking. Other than that, it is crucial to have sound sleep so that the body repairs the wear and tear.
Along with these factors, there is a need to include certain other pointers as well. Here are some of them.
- Taking certain supplements like iron and calcium in consultation with the doctor.
- Going for regular pregnancy classes so that it not only helps the mother prepare for childbirth but also teaches her the right methods of breathing to ease the discomfort and relax the body and mind.
- Refraining from being with animals that shed fur because this can cause diseases.
A lack of prenatal care during pregnancy can lead to a difficult pregnancy in terms of the baby’s health and the mother’s as well. Now that you know this, make sure that you take proper care and ensure a safe pregnancy.